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ESPOAG Statement on the EP ENVI Committee Report on Palm Oil and Deforestation of Rainforests

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On March 20, 2017 the European Parliament ENVI Committee published its report on “Palm oil and deforestation of rainforests.” ESPOAG has taken a proactive stance and already committed to 100% sustainable palm oil uptake in Europe by 2020 in support of the EU objective to stop deforestation by 2030 at the latest. The Committee “notes the efforts and progress made …

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Increased fortification of margarine and milk (combined) with vitamin D could increase intake of vitamin D at population level, as shown by Rajwinder et al., 2016

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As there is increasingly global concern regarding the difficulty to meet recommended intake levels of Vitamin D at population level, it is being demonstrated that, margarine may play a key role at population level intake. Vitamin D regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy. There is also evidence on the …

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Replacing SAFA by cis –polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with significant CHD risk reduction as concluded by IEM workshop and recently published to its proceedings report (Nettleton et al., 2017)

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In the recent years the scientific community has been challenged with contrasting findings in relation to the health effects of Saturated Fatty Acid (SAFA) consumption and in particular in relation with their role on Cardiovascular Heart Disease (CVD). These controversial findings have questioned the current SAFA dietary recommendations, generated vigorous debate. To update and discuss the science linking SAFA consumption …

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A recently published study conducted by Harvard University and Brigham hospitals (USA) confirms, once again, the protective role of unsaturated fats on preventing death related to heart disease, cancer and neurogenerative diseases (Wang et al., 2016).

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The study found that replacement of saturated fats with unsaturated fats can confer substantial health benefits and should continue to be a key message to current dietary recommendations. This very important piece of research initiated in 1980 until 2012 (i.e. 32 years), following the dietary intake, lifestyle and disease relation for a total of 83, 349 women (from the Nurse’s …

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An exchange of a few commercially available food items leads to clinically relevant cholesterol reduction, potentially affecting future CVD risk as demonstrated by Ulven et al., 2016

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Even though there has been substantial reduction in CVD mortality over the last 30 years, new reports show an increase in acute myocardial infarction among the younger population in Norway, and similar observations have been reported from other countries as well. The aim of the study conducted by Ulven et al., 2016 in Norway was to investigate the effects of …

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Replacing SAFA by cis –polyunsaturated fatty acids is associated with significant CHD risk reduction as concluded by IEM workshop and recently published to its proceedings report (Nettleton et al., 2017)

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In the recent years the scientific community has been challenged with contrasting findings in relation to the health effects of Saturated Fatty Acid (SAFA) consumption and in particular in relation with their role on Cardiovascular Heart Disease (CVD). These controversial findings have questioned the current SAFA dietary recommendations, generated vigorous debate. To update and discuss the science linking SAFA consumption …

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Large-scale prospective study examines dairy fat intake and its replacement with other types of fat in relation to CVD risk (Chen et al., 2016)

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As very few prospective studies have examined the relation of dairy fat with heart disease, the purpose of this research was to evaluate this association in US adults. Using data from three major prospective US cohort studies [i.e. the HPFS (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study), the NHS (Nurses’ Health Study), and the NHS II.]  it was shown that, compared with an …

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This review of the scientific literature, confirms that the type of dietary fat, but not total fat intake, is an important determinant of CVD risk. It is established by different types of studies that partial replacement of dietary SAFA with unsaturated fatty acids, in particular vegetable PUFA (mainly n-6 and some n-3) reduces the risk of CHD (Zock, et al., 2016)

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Most recently, research on dietary fat and the prevention of metabolic diseases has focused on whole dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet, and specific food sources of fatty acids. Thus, extensive evidence underpins current dietary recommendations and food-based guidelines to reduce SAFA intake and replace them with unsaturated fatty acids. However, several recent publications have questioned the evidence and …

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A prospective cohort study focussing into the quality of carbohydrates used as a SFA replacement, indicates that evidence-based, population level and individual-level recommendations to reduce SFA consumption should specify replacing SFAs with unsaturated fats and/or high-quality carbohydrates (Li et al. 2015)

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So far, only a few studies have considered the quality of the carbohydrates substituting for SFAs in CHD. This study sought to investigate associations of saturated fats compared with unsaturated fats and different sources of carbohydrates in relation to CHD risk. The researchers followed 84,628 women (Nurses’ Health Study, 1980 to 2010), and 42,908 men (Health Professionals. Follow-up Study, 1986 …

On-trend improvements in smoking rate, salt intake and physical activity is predicted to reduce CHD mortality in Sweden by 2025 by 6,4%. Lowering SAFA intake to 10 %E while increasing PUFA and MUFA intake, is predicted to double the benefit on heart health to 14% CHD reduction (Björck et al., 2016)

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Mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) has decreased dramatically in Sweden and other Western countries during recent decades. Researchers in regions including Europe, the United States, and New Zealand have used the previously validated IMPACT mortality model to investigate these trends in many countries in Europe and elsewhere. Briefly, the model provides an estimate of the effect of changes in …